With its level of security, the crypto market has made a significant place amongst investors and traders. However, there are some backdrops like volatility and price difference; these limitations act as a barrier for crypto to be accepted worldwide. To tackle this condition, stablecoins are introduced; many such coins are in the crypto market based on multiple mechanisms.
USDC and USDT are stablecoins, implying that these cryptos are pegged by the same amount of fiat currency, the US Dollar. In the current market, stablecoins are in the limelight as they are designed to decrease the volatility of cryptocurrencies. There is minimized fluctuation, and the value of the coin is kept steady. Generally, such stablecoins are backed by cash, but other than that, it can be done through assets or commodities like gold.
Stablecoins allow a fixed value, with which traders can enter and exit their position in the volatile crypto ecosystem. In this article, we are going to discuss and see the difference between the two most popular stablecoins, USDC and USDT.
US Dollar coin (USDC) was created in 2018 by the collective efforts of Circle and Coinbase. As it is a USD-backed coin, its price is pegged to $1. Its valuation is governed by the central consortium, which ensures transparency in stablecoin and one-to-one backing. When a USDC is created, a dollar is kept in reserve in the form of USD or other cash alternatives. This coin can only be issued when it gets approval from the regulated financial institution that covers the membership framework of Circle.
Being an important stablecoin, it is available with most of the crypto providers and the majority of the exchanges. These coins can be sent and received through any ERC-20 compatible crypto wallet. It also has transparent auditing, central funding, and control regulations; USDC was audited by one of the top accounting firms, Grant Thornton LLP, before Delloit replaced it in January 2023 after the announcement from Circle.
On a priority basis, USDC was launched over the Ethereum blockchain and later was expanded to several other blockchains. These coins do not need mining to be produced; instead, they are powered by smart contracts. When any user tries to redeem the underlying dollar of USDC, the coin gets destroyed for the maintenance of its supply and volatility.
USD coins remain stable around the value of $1. Sometimes, there is the slightest fluctuation in its valuation, but being regulated, it gets quickly corrected and brought to the near value of $1.
USDC coins are accepted worldwide and are efficient to trade in; there are multiple features possessed by USDC that make it unique in its way:
Tether stablecoin cryptocurrency (USDT) tokens were first issued in 2014 by Hong Kong-based Tether Limited. The idea behind its existence paved the way between fiat currencies and crypto. It was the first US Dollar-backed cryptocurrency used for trade by the users. This coin has many technical advantages over Bitcoin and Ethereum, such as high liquidity and no volatility. It is a simple way to send crypto dollars with utmost transparency, speed, and low cost.
Like Bitcoin, many crypto trading pairs start listing against the USDT once it is released. This provides the first-mover advantage for USDT in the whole stablecoin market. Most significant blockchains like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Algorand, EOS, and many more support the transaction of these coins over their network. Regarding market cap, it is the 3rd largest crypto to be traded after Bitcoin and Ethereum.
This coin was first launched over the Omni blockchain, a protocol layer of the Bitcoin network. It was termed as an asset with liquidity and transparency of cryptos and stability of fiat. This stablecoin is pegged in a 1:1 ratio for the coin’s price to remain stable. Despite that, USDT was part of several controversies, like reserve management and its level of decentralization. Its parent company, Tether, then has to pay $18.5 million in the form of a penalty regarding funding. After this, they started disclosing reserves on a monthly basis.
It ranks 3rd in the crypto market cap with a circulating supply of $82.86 billion and a 24-hour volume of $26.8 billion. The market cap of USDT is on the rise and has shown profit associated with this stablecoin.
US dollar-backed currency implies that its value is stuck around $1. It is designed in such a way that whenever there are slight changes, the market quickly corrects and keeps the valuation around $1.
This 1st ever-launched stablecoin is very efficient to trade in and possesses many advanced features that maintain its identity:
|USD Coin (USDC)||USDT|
|Date of Launch||2018||2014|
|Issuing Organization||Circle and Coinbase||Tether|
|Founders||Consortium of Coinbase and Circle||Brock Pierce, Reeve Collins and Craig Sellars|
|Functioning Blockchain Protocol||Ethereum, Solana, Algorand, Tron, Avalanche, Stellar, etc.||Omni Layer, Ethereum, Tron, Solana, Algorand, etc.|
|Type of Token||Stablecoin||Stablecoin|
|Value of Coin||USD 1||USD 1|
|Market Cap*||$26 billion||$82 billion|
|Circulating Supply*||$26.23 billion||$82.86 billion|
|Backing||100% of Cash and Cash equivalent||1:1 by liquid debt assets, some cash and treasuries|
|Auditing Agency||Previous: Grant Thornton LLP Current: Delloit||Sporkin, Sullivan LLP, Freeh|
*Values are subject to change as per the market.
For more frequent transactions in trade and while making payments, USDT holds a recognizable place. Still, USDC is considered a safer stablecoin for many reasons, like compliance with audits, government regulations, and transparent and fully backed reserves.
These both are stablecoins, which are pegged to USD 1, but still, there are some points of comparison among these coins.
On the decentralized finance (DeFi) protocol, USDT and USDC are popular choices of trading pairs. USDT gained a head start of four years before the launch of USD coins. It is amongst the widely used stablecoins coins with a high and consistent trading volume. After Tether, USDC became the stablecoin that filled the gap and became available on many similar blockchains.
USDC also had a well-established environment before it came into existence; it helped them out in figuring people’s expectations with a stablecoin and required features. As a trading pair, both of the coins are most preferred by the market participants.
USDT receive some scrutiny due to a lack of updates on how the coin is backed. In contrast, USDC and its parent company are nicely positioned with regulations and regularly provide audit reports of their reserves. Eventually, the reserve composition of Tether was leaked, and to prevent it, they asked the New York Supreme Court to block the attorney general from releasing the same to CoinDesk.
After this breakdown, Tether has become more transparent and provides timely updates on its reserves. Some trading commissions still call out Tether to perform a full audit. USDC is potentially safe and is ready to position itself for future government regulations; its parent firm, Circle, releases monthly audits into their reserves.
If seen from a comparative perspective, USDCs are regulated and supervised by regulators and, hence, are more stable than others. But if decentralization is concerning for you, then Tether-backed currency holds a great place.
Under the administration of Biden, there is a published report that signifies a regulation of stablecoins, and it has been issued by the treasury department. They asked for legislation to make stablecoin issuers an insured depository institution similar to the banks. With the threat of stablecoin regulations looming, it is a necessity for issuers to follow these regulations and not get off guard once such laws are passed.
To accept potential regulations, stablecoins like USDC and USDT need to maintain their reserve records and develop a constant habit of releasing audit reports to maintain better transparency.
DeFi, or decentralized finance, is an ecosystem that has been operated without involving any third party or central administration. There are many things included, like blockchain-based financial applications and peer-to-peer model-based functioning. With DeFi, any stablecoin can be lent to a borrower by getting interest with DeFi lending.
Compared to a decentralized exchange, DeFi allows low-interest loans, too. Lenders can put their USDC or USDT on it and earn long-term interest over their investments. Both of these stablecoins function similarly when it comes to their operations over this platform.
USD coins and USDT maintain their one-to-one ratio (1:1) with the US Dollars. This implies that when any of these tokens get issued, a corresponding dollar is kept in the reserve. These coins may not be entirely backed by fiat but are pegged to dollars even with other commodities and cash equivalents.
Loans or other transactions associated with these stablecoins may include affiliate entities collectively counted in the reserve. USD coins are regulated, and their individual token holds the value of 1 US dollar; similarly, Tether is always valued at 1 USD irrespective of the market.
Competing for market value, USDC and USDT may be considered different, but simultaneously, they possess multiple similarities as they belong to the same ecosystem. Let’s look at some of those,
Both of these tokens are stablecoin and pegged to the fiat US Dollar by maintaining the ratio of 1:1. Hence, there is no volatility in their prices like other cryptocurrencies. This stability is maintained throughout. Even when a little difference in the values of USDC and USDT occurs, the market again maintains its values.
With accessible internet, the transaction speed of USDC and USDT is pretty fast compared to traditional payment methods; one can transfer the token anytime from anywhere. The settlement time is nearly instant, too; due to the blockchain platform, it took a few minutes to get funds reflected in the receiver’s account.
Many traditional finance credit cards have high transactional fees; even some crypto assets charge high gas fees to settle the sent funds. But being stablecoins, both USDC and USDT conduct the transfer at a very low cost. This saves the value for customers, and merchants receive the exact amount for their products and services.
Multiple crypto exchanges, wallets, and Defi protocols support the stablecoins, including USDC and USDT, with their various trading pairs with high liquidity and trading volume. Due to this benefit, traders are able to sell and buy the coins as per their convenience. The liquidity of these coins holds up their value and trust among the merchants.
Both of these coins are based on ERC-20 tokens. This means it supports a wide range of applications that can be used on smart contracts and over protocols built in the Ethereum blockchain ecosystem. With this well-known protocol, there is a built-in trust regarding USDC and USDT in the crypto financial market.
Over certain fields, USDC and USDT hold different functionalities, and their application can be different, too. Let’s understand some of these criteria further,
Reserves of both these coins are managed differently; assets of USDT are governed by its issuer company, Tether Ltd. For USDC, the asset reserves are in the custody of top financial institutions like BNY Mellon and BlackRock. As it is managed by external companies, there is a built-in trust about its authenticity, while on the other hand, Tether faces some trust issues from merchants.
USDC asset reserve is audited by Deloitte, a well-known accounting firm, and its monthly reports are released on the Circle USDC website. On the other hand, USDT provides monthly asset reserve reports, and it has no regular auditing info that is publicly available. The constant release of reports by the former stablecoin makes it more reliable, while the latter can face future disadvantages due to irregularities.
Being the well-known stablecoins in the crypto market, both are widely accepted and have been showing promising results over the trading volume. If considered from the market capitalization perspective, USDT is valued at around $82 billion, which is way higher than the cap of USDC of $ 26 billion. In this case, Tether’s coins get benefit from being four years ahead of the USD coins.
USDC coins are a digital currency form of fiat US Dollars and, similarly, can be divided into units. On the other hand, Tether is just pegged with the USD and is not a representation of it; hence, it remains within the set limit, affecting the overall functionality. The ratio of both reserves may be similar, but their divisibility depends on their operating institution.
Being a part of the financial market, maintaining transparency is one of the primary goals for cryptocurrencies or stablecoins. USDC always maintains its public trust through regular audits and timely reserve reports. When it comes to Tether, there have been several concerns and surveillance around its working model as it is not that transparent and does not provide timely updates on audits.
Crypto investment is simple and safe with the help of secured wallet apps. For that, you only need to create an account on the platform through these steps:
Today, the financial market has seen a boost in the crypto ecosystem. USDC and USDT are two of these stablecoins that are most talked about. USDT is heavily traded, but its parent company, Tether, has been seen as reluctant to comply with audits and investigations. It is considered a company of issues like inevitable regulations despite giving high returns over your investments. There is still some uncertainty around the coins backed by Tether Ltd.
While talking about USDC, it has some diligent planning, and it is a potential government oversight to make a stablecoin representing the fiat. USD coins can be bought or lent for gains, while its only downside is being regulated by Centre Consortium.
Both USDC and USDT are stablecoins pegged to USD 1, but they are different in various aspects of transparency, regulations, issuers, and many more. USDT was released by Tether, while USDC by Centre Consortium.
Both of these stablecoins are a part of the crypto ecosystem, but as their values are fixed to be traded, they are considered as stablecoins rather than any regular crypto assets.
Yes, stablecoins can be used for multiple purposes like making payments, daily transactions, accessing markets, storing values, etc.
There are some digital coins pegged with the fiat form of currency that are still centralized. However, the majority of the stablecoins operate over the blockchain technology and are decentralized in nature.
Market investors consider USDC as a much safer alternative. It is more transparent and regulatory-compliant, with periodic audits and real-time reports on reserves. This makes them assured that the token is backed by reliable assets.
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